Ecology

Flora of Umpqua National Forest, Oregon

Hiking the drizzly, muddy, Marsters section of the North Umpqua Trail left Josh and I gasping every few feet. Not because the trail was particularly treacherous, but because of the glorious wildflowers that were in full bloom.

umpqua river 4-15-18 (1)
Umpqua River

The rain gives plants, especially tree bark, a special contrast with the wet world around them, that makes them scream, “Here I am! Adore me! Cower in my magnificence!” In return we beg, “What are you! What are you! I’ve met your cousin before in Missouri!”

4-15-18 north umpqua trail (84)
Water trickling over moss

Here’s some of what we saw and could narrow down to genus. We didn’t key them out, so I’m not 100% confident down to species, but it’s a start.

plant 4-15-18 Acer macrophylla, Bigleaf maple north umpqua trail (9)
4-15-18, Leaves emerging from bud, Acer macrophylla, Bigleaf maple
plant 4-15-18 Acer macrophylla, Bigleaf maple north umpqua trail (10)
4-15-18, Acer macrophylla, Bigleaf maple. (5-lobed, deeply serrated)
plant 4-15-18 Asarum caudatum, wild ginger north umpqua trail (14)
4-15-18, Asarum caudatum, Wild ginger
plant 4-15-18 Asarum caudatum, wild ginger north umpqua trail (15)
4-15-18, Asarum caudatum, Wild ginger
plant 4-15-18 Collinsia parviflora, blue eyed mary north umpqua trail (29)
4-15-18, Collinsia parviflora, Blue-eyed Mary
plant 4-15-18 Equisetum north umpqua trail (8)
4-15-18, Equisetum spp.
plant 4-15-18 Galium north umpqua trail (15)
4-15-18, Galium spp., Bedstraw

 

plant 4-15-18 red flowering currant toketee falls trail (3)
4-15-18, Ribes sanguineum, Red flowering currant
plant 4-15-18 Lamium purpureum, dead nettle north umpqua trail (14)
4-15-18, Lamium spp., Dead nettle
plant 4-15-18 Lomatium, north umpqua trail (38)
4-15-18, Lomatium spp.
plant 4-15-18 north umpqua trail (17)
4-15-18, Unknown spp
plant 4-15-18 north umpqua trail (26)
4-15-18, Cynoglossum grande, Pacific hound’s tongue. (best guess)
plant 4-15-18 north umpqua trail (27)
4-15-18, Unknown ID
plant 4-15-18 north umpqua trail (33)
4-15-18, Unknown ID

 

plant 4-15-18 north umpqua trail (30)
4-15-18, leaves of unknown ID above
plant 4-15-18 north umpqua trail (32)
4-15-18, Unknown ID
plant 4-15-18 Lithophragma spp., Woodland star north umpqua trail (40)
4-15-18, Lithophragma spp., Woodland star
plant 4-15-18 trail to illahee flats trail (80)
4-15-18, Unknown ID
plant 4-15-18 Orchidaceae north umpqua trail (25)
4-15-18, Orchidaceae
plant 4-15-18 Orchidaceae north umpqua trail (26)
4-15-18, Orchidaceae
plant 4-15-18 unknown north umpqua trail (6)
4-15-18, Unknown ID
plant 4-15-18 unknown north umpqua trail (5)
4-15-18, stem to above Unknown ID
plant 4-15-18 Viola sempevirens, Evergreen violet north umpqua trail (19)
4-15-18, Viola sempevirens, Evergreen violet. (best guess)
plant 4-15-18 Trillium ovatum, Western Trillium north umpqua trail (22)
4-15-18, Trillium ovatum, Western trillium.
plant 4-15-18 Trillium ovatum, Western Trillium north umpqua trail (24)
4-15-18, Trillium ovatum, Western trillium.
plant 4-15-18 Erythranthre alsinoides, chickweed monkeyflower, unsure. north umpqua trail (39)
4-15-18, Erythranthre alsinoides, Chickweed monkeyflower. (best guess)
plant 4-15-18 fiddlehead north umpqua trail (85)
4-15-18, Fiddlehead on a fern, Unknown ID
plant 4-15-18 fiddlehead north umpqua trail (84)
4-15-18, Fiddlehead on a fern, Unknown ID

After about a mile down the Marsters trail toward Calf Trailhead, the trail was closed due to past fire damage. We took a side route on a trail toward the Illahee Flats Trail, which is an area where Native Americans used to meet. Here’s what we saw on that trail:

4-15-18 trail to illahee flats trail (74)4-15-18 trail to illahee flats trail (76)

plant 4-15-18 trail to illahee flats trail (40)

plant 4-15-18 north umpqua trail (78)
4-15-18, Unknown ID
plant 4-15-18 north umpqua trail (56)
4-15-18, Fungal cups, Unknown ID
plant 4-15-18 north umpqua trail (55)
4-15-18, Unknown ID
plant 4-15-18 north umpqua trail (54)
4-15-18, Unknown ID
plant 4-15-18 north umpqua trail (53)
4-15-18, Unknown ID
plant 4-15-18 north umpqua trail (43)
4-15-18, Unknown ID
plant 4-15-18 Liliaceae north umpqua trail (47)
4-15-18, Liliaceae family, Unknown ID
plant 4-15-18 Liliaceae north umpqua trail (48)
4-15-18, Liliaceae family, Unknown ID
plant 4-15-18 fern, trail to illahee flat trail (75)
4-15-18, Fern, Unknown ID
plant 4-15-18 claytonia perfoliata, miner's lettuce north umpqua trail (79)
4-15-18, Claytonia perfoliata, Miner’s lettuce
plant 4-15-18 Claytonia perfoliatum, Miner's lettuce north umpqua trail (57)
4-15-18, Claytonia perfoliata, Miner’s lettuce
pine sap
4-15-18, Pine sap leaking from a burned, downed tree. Looked delicious!
plant 4-15-18 Cardamine hirsuta, Hoary bittercress north umpqua trail (69)
4-15-18, Cardamine hirsuta, Hoary bittercress
plant 4-15-18 fern, trail to illahee flat trail (76)
4-15-18, FERNS!
4-15-18 trail to illahee flats trail (63)
Magnificent moss-lined trail
4-15-18 trail to illahee flats trail (66)
4-15-18, Baby pine trees! We were speculating how long ago the fire was based on their size. Maybe two years?

 

The vibrant, electric green color of the moss lining the trail surrounded by the towering green pines was almost hard for my little eyes to take in. Spring is a reminder of the abundance of life. The smell of wet earth excites the soul with life around you.

We finished the day with a short hike to the Toketee Falls. Here’s some of the plants we saw there:

down tree on toketee falls trail (4)

plant 4-15-18 skunk cabbage toketee falls trail (1)
4-15-18, Skunk cabbage! spp. unknown
plant 4-15-18 succulent toketee falls trail (154)
4-15-18, succulents and moss on rock
plant 4-15-18 Arctostaphylos patula, greenleaf manzatina toketee falls trail (151)
 4-15-18 Arctostaphylos patula, Greenleaf manzatina. (best guess)
4-15-18 toketee falls (118)
Moss-coated Everything!

Happy Botanizing!

2 thoughts on “Flora of Umpqua National Forest, Oregon”

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